The corona virus crisis caused much more damage to work than previously feared, warning that the situation in the Americas is particularly severe.
In a new study, the International Labor Organization (ILO) estimated that by the middle of the year, global working hours were 14% less than in December last year, which is equivalent to about 400 million full-time jobs.
This is more than double the number predicted by the United Nations in April, when it was expected to lose 6.7% of its working hours by the end of the second or third month of this year.
It is also much higher than the ILO’s estimate in late May, when the ILO predicted that global working hours would reach 10.7%. During this period disappeared.
"The situation is getting worse. Guy Ryder, the head of the International Labour Organization, said in an interview with AFP: "The employment crisis is deepening.
He warned: “We have not overcome this problem.
According to his report, 93% of the world’s workers live in countries that are still affected by some kind of workplace closure, the Americas being the most restricted. The world
At present, the United States and Latin America are the most severe regions of the pandemic. The pandemic has killed more than 500,000 people worldwide and infected more than 10 million people.
The soaring transmission rate in the United States accounts for only a quarter of global infections and deaths, and countries like Brazil (which account for more than 1.3 million cases) have hit the labor market hard.
This crisis "The blow to the United States is particularly severe," Ryder said.
Overall, the Americas lost more than 18% of their working hours in the second quarter, which is equivalent to 70 million full-time jobs, the ILO said.
The study It was found that South America reduced its total working hours by 20.6%, while North America reduced it by 15.3%.
By comparison, Europe, Arab countries and most Asian countries Ryder said that working hours in Africa were reduced by about 13% , While working hours in Africa have been reduced by more than 12%.
Women suffer the most
The crisis also brought heavy blows to women and threatened decades of progress.  Women are more likely to work in sectors most affected by the crisis, and they also bear most of the additional burden caused by the closure of schools and medical institutions.
"All evidence shows that women are hit harder, he said And this crisis is likely to exacerbate gender inequality
"The stumbling blocks in achieving gender equality in recent decades, the slow and icy development, may be simply overturned."
The ILO proposed in the second half of the year There are three possible options, but Ryder admits: "We cannot see the scenario of returning to the beginning of the beginning of the year."
The most pessimistic scenario is the second wave of pandemics, which severely hinders recovery. According to the study, by the end of 2019, global working hours are still 11.9% less than the end of 2019 (equivalent to 390 million jobs).
The most optimistic situation is that, assuming a rapid economic recovery, Ryder will still say: "The year-on-year loss of global working hours was 1.2%, which is equivalent to 34 million jobs.
"This still causes very much to the global economy Very serious blow".
He called on all countries. He said:
"I still hope, because the decisions we have adopted now will continue to appear in 2030 and beyond. "He said: