The United Arab Emirates became the first Arab country to open a nuclear power plant on Saturday, raising concerns about the long-term consequences of implementing more nuclear programs in the Middle East.
Two other countries in the region-Israel and Iran-already have nuclear capabilities. Israel has an unrecognized nuclear weapons arsenal, and Iran has a controversial uranium enrichment program that insists that the program is only for peaceful purposes.
The UAE, a small country that has become a regional heavyweight and an international business center, said that the purpose of building nuclear power plants is to reduce its dependence on oil that has provided power and wealth for the country and its Gulf neighbors for decades. It said that once its four units are fully operational, the power plant designed by South Korea will provide a quarter of the country's electricity.
To make people worry that it is trying to build strong power against its regional competitors, it insists that
However, due to the stalemate of Iran’s nuclear program with Western powers, Israel is near neighboring countries and Tensions between the Gulf countries have increased, and some analysts believe that the new plant and any ensuing safety and environmental issues. Other Arab countries, including Saudi Arabia, are also launching or planning nuclear energy programs.
The Middle East has been full of hostile atmosphere, which has plunged Saudi Arabia and the UAE into confrontations with Iran, Qatar and Iran’s regional proxies. One of the agents is the Yemen-based Houthi rebel group, which claimed to have attacked the Barakah factory in 2017 when it was building. It is generally believed that Iran was behind a series of attacks on Saudi oil facilities and tankers passing by the base in the Gulf in the past year.
"The UAE's investment in these four nuclear reactors may further destabilize the turbulent Gulf region, destabilize the environment, and increase the possibility of nuclear proliferation," said Paul Doffman, a researcher at the Institute of Energy Research at University College London
pointed out that the UAE has other energy options, including "some of the best solar resources in the world", he added, "The Emirate’s interest in nuclear energy may be hidden in
but the UAE has stated that it considers natural gas and renewable energy. Previously regarded it as nuclear energy because they would not produce enough energy, so the dismissal of it as nuclear energy
provided evidence that its intention was peaceful, and it pointed out that it has a relationship with the International Atomic Energy Agency, which has reviewed the Baraka project. As well as cooperation with the United States, the United States signed a nuclear energy cooperation agreement with the United States in 2009, allowing it to obtain nuclear materials and technical assistance from the United States, while prohibiting it from enriching uranium and other possible bomb development activities.
Persuaded Qatar that last year Qatar filed a complaint with the International Nuclear Supervisory Organization on this issue. The Barakah plant described it as a “serious threat to the stability of the region and its environment.
The UAE’s oil exports account for about a quarter of its gross domestic product. Despite the influx of oil, it has imported more and more natural gas in recent years as part of its energy-intensive desalination. Power plant.
"We proudly witnessed the start of the Baraka nuclear power plant, in line with the highest international safety standards", the de facto ruler of the UAE, Mohammed bin Zayed (Mohammed bin Zayed) announced on Saturday Specially released.
The new nuclear facility is located in the Gharbiya region on the coast, near Qatar and Saudi Arabia. It is the first nuclear power plant in several potential countries in the Middle East. Egypt plans to build a four nuclear reactor Power plant.
Saudi Arabia is also building a civilian nuclear reactor while reaching a nuclear cooperation agreement with the United States, although the Trump administration has stated that such an agreement will be signed only with its consent.