Kabul, Afghanistan (AP)-
At the Kabul Museum commemorating the victims of the war in Afghanistan, talking with visitors revealed how many layers and generations of pain and grief have accumulated during the forty years of unremitting conflict.
Hayat recalled an attack that changed her family forever. It was 1995 when the Afghan capital was under siege and hit hard by a rocket launched by a hostile Mujahideen organization. Her world exploded: a rocket violently hit her yard, killing her brother, and leaving her sister in the wheelchair forever.
In 2000, when the Taliban occupied a village in the peaceful Bamyan Valley in Afghanistan, Habibi the Danish was a child. His memory of those days is a recurring nightmare. The man was forced to separate from his wife and children. Dozens of people were killed. Habibie's father disappeared just to return a person who had been beaten and broken and could no longer work. Habibi wants to know how he will accept peace with the Taliban.
Reyhana Hashimi recounted how her 15-year-old sister, Aifaf, was killed by the Afghan security forces. That was 2018. Atifa left home to take an exam, only to get involved in a protest march against the arrest of a Hazara leader. The Afghan army opened fire on the protesters.
"They shot my sister and hit me in the heart," Rehana said. "No one from the government even apologized. They tried to say that she was a protester. She was not.
Now, those accumulated but unresolved grievances cast a shadow over the internal Afghanistan negotiations in Qatar, the Gulf state.
Washington An agreement was signed with the Taliban in February to pave the way for the Doha talks and the final withdrawal of U.S. troops. The Americans' support of this deal is the best chance for Afghanistan to achieve lasting peace.
The Afghans are not sure. They said, Preventing the next war is as important as ending the current war.
The war in Afghanistan has been more than 40 years. The first was the Soviet invasion in 1979 and the nine-year battle. The Soviet retreat triggered a fierce civil war. In this civil war, the jihadist group divided the country for power and killed more than 50,000 people until the Taliban took over in 1996. The repressive rule of militants continued until the invasion led by the United States in 2001. The country has been affected by this. Rebellion and bloodshed.
"We must understand that all parties are suffering, and all Afghans have suffered at different times," Hamid Karzai, the first elected president after the fall of the Taliban, was interviewed in Kabul Shi said.
"Unfortunately, everyone has caused pain for their people and our country," Karzai said. He resigned in 2014 after serving two terms. "No one can blame. Tell someone that you have done it.
But Afghans can personally. They know who caused the tragedy to their families.
Hayat was one of the people who visited Kabul’s Memory and Dialogue Center on the last day. He said he was killed 25 years ago. The rocket for her brother and crippling sister was launched by the warlord Abdul Rasul Sayyaf.
Sayyaf was notorious for his relationship with al-Qaeda in the 1990s and was a Philippines The source of inspiration for the terrorist organization Abu Sayyaf. He is also a powerful politician in post-Taliban Afghanistan and is often seen in meetings with Karzai’s successor, President Ashraf Ghani.
Since the US-led invasion in 2001, Mujahideen warlords like Sayyaf are still powerful and lead heavily armed factions. These include things like Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, who has always been on the top of the US terrorist list. , He signed the 2017 peace agreement with the Ghani government, and Uzbek warlord Marshal Rashid Dostum (Marshal Rashid Dostum) was suspected of a series of human rights crimes.
After the Taliban failed in 2001, Vengeance attacks have increased rapidly, and the Pashtuns, the backbone of the Taliban, have been harassed and persecuted when they return to their villages.
Many eventually returned to the mountains or fled to a safe haven in neighboring Pakistan. This allowed the Taliban to reorganize. Nowadays, the Taliban are reorganized. , The insurgent organization is the most powerful organization since 2001, controlling or controlling nearly half of the country’s territory.
Even if an internal agreement is reached in Afghanistan, many Afghans are still worried that many factions in the country, including the Taliban, will control Afghanistan
According to the agreement reached between Washington and the Taliban, the U.S. military will withdraw before April 2021 to enable the Taliban to keep its promise to fight against terrorist organizations, especially affiliated organizations of the Islamic State. Trump recently passed a date for the withdrawal of troops. The delay to the end of the year surprised his soldiers.
"Unfortunately, whenever we make a change, someone will try to take power. It's useless, it's useless," Karzai said. "So let us learn from our experience and move forward.
"On the second day of peace, we must realize that all Afghans belong to this country." . . "Afghanistan belongs to everyone in this country, and we must live as citizens of this country." Karzai said. "Only then can we live in a country that looks forward to a better future."
So far, this has hardly happened. As part of the peace process, thousands of Taliban prisoners released recently have faced revenge attacks, assassinations and kidnappings, and harassment by local officials.
A freed prisoner Afghan Muslim said that because of fear of retaliation, he rarely left his home in Kabul. He does not remember the rule of the Taliban-he was only in the second grade when they were overthrown. But his elders had been senior members of the Taliban, so the rest of them were harassed. He said he never joined the Taliban but was arrested in 2014 due to his relationship with his family.
Danish Habibi, who still feels nightmares about the Taliban attack, does not know how to forgive him.
"If you come from a family with victims, how would you believe that peace will come," he said. He wants the victims to sit at the negotiating table, namely the Taliban, jihadists and victims from all sides.
For the agency in charge of Abdullah Abdullah, head of the Afghan National Reconciliation High Council, the agency responsible for negotiating a peace agreement with the Taliban has always been an emotional struggle to control his anger. In the casualties of the past 19 years.
"I see too many people suffering, too many casualties every day, innocent people are dying… You can't hide your emotions," he said. "But then there is a need for the country. Do we want this situation to continue forever?
Associated Press writer, Tameem Akhgar of Kabul, contributed to this report Made a contribution