Editor's Note: At sunset on August 31st, Muslims around the world will celebrate one of the main festivals-Eid. In early June, Muslims celebrate Eid. Dr. Ken Chitwood, a global candidate for Islam, explained two Islamic festivals.
1. What is Eid?
Eid literally means “festival” or “feast” in Arabic. Eid al-Fitr (pronounced eed al-Ahd-huh) and Eid al-Fitr are celebrated twice a year.
2. Why celebrate twice a year?
The two festivals celebrated and celebrated and reviewed two different events of great significance to the story of the Islamic faith.
Eid Mubarak means “a feast to break fasting”. In this case, Ramadan is Ramadan, and it makes the Qur'an reveal to the Prophet Muhammad.
Eid al-Fitr celebrations can last up to three days. In many countries with a large Muslim population, this is a national holiday. Schools, offices and businesses are closed, so family, friends and neighbors can enjoy the celebration together. Saudi Arabia announced a 16-day holiday for Eid al-Fitr this year. In Turkey and places that were once part of the Ottoman Turkish Empire, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Azerbaijan and the Caucasus, it is also known as "Little Byram" (meaning "less festivals" in Turkish).
Another festival is the Eid al-Adha, which is "a feast of sacrifice." It commemorates the end of the pilgrimage, the pilgrimage is the pilgrimage road for thousands of Muslims to the sacred city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia every year, only once in a lifetime, but only those who have the ability must pilgrimage.
Eid al-Fitr reviewed a story that God ordered Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ismail (Ismail) as a test of faith (the story is about Abraham and Isaac in the Hebrew Law and the Christian Old Testament). As stated in the Qur'an, this story describes Satan's attempt to induce Ibrahim to disobey God's commands. However, Ibrahim remained motionless and notified Ismail who was willing to sacrifice.
But, just as Ibrahim tried to kill his son, God intervened and replaced Ismail with a ram. This story institutionalizes the ideal of sacrifice in Islam and continues to be commemorated every year. During Eid al-Adha, Muslims slaughtered animals to commemorate Ibrahim ’s sacrifice and reminded himself to obey God ’s will. Eid al-Adha (Eid al-Adha) is also known as "Big Bayer".
3. When do they celebrate?
Eid al-Fitr is celebrated on the tenth day and the last month of the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar.
Eid al-Fitr is celebrated on the first day of the 10th anniversary of the Islamic calendar. .
The Islamic calendar is the lunar calendar, and the date is calculated according to the lunar phase. Therefore, the Islamic calendar is 10 to 12 days shorter than the solar calendar.
Therefore, Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr "spin" in the Gregorian calendar and can be celebrated in different seasons in the southern and northern hemispheres. For example, Eid al-Fitr in 2017 is June 25th. Eid al-Fitr in 2018 is June 15. The year of Eid al-Fitr is September 1st. Eid al-Fitr in 2018 is 2018. It fell on August 21.
4. What are the customs during the two Eid festivals?
There are two to three days of Eid al-Fitr celebrations, including special prayers. People use "Eid Mubarak" to greet each other, which means "Blessed Eid." Give the gift to the poor before the morning prayer. In addition, Muslims are encouraged to forgive their differences and let their resentment go. There are many other practices in various countries.
On Eid al-Adha, the Mecca pilgrims repeat Ibrahim ’s rejection of Satan ’s temptation. During the pilgrimage, Muslims cast stones on pillars representing Satan. To commemorate the sacrifice of Ibrahim by using rams instead of sons, they set out to sacrifice animals such as goats, cows, sheep or camels.
Those who cannot go to the pilgrimage visit the mosque and even the family cemetery.
5. What is the spiritual meaning of sacrifice during Eid al-Adha?
Sacrifice means that, like Ibrahim, pilgrims and Muslim pilgrims all over the world are willing to even give up their most valuable assets.
Charity for the poor is a value highly valued by Islam. The Qur'an says,
"Believe in Allah and his messengers, and inherit the (material) charity that Allah inherits for you. For those who believe and give charity, this is a huge return." (57.7)
Therefore, as part of this practice, family or friends consumed only about one-third of the meat; the rest was given to the poor and those in need.
In addition, the sacrifices of animals were made through specific instructions to minimize their suffering. This is part of the moral obligation of Muslims.
6. What are the modern challenges?
With more than 2 million tourists coming to Mecca these days, the Pilgrimage Route poses a logistical challenge to countries that offer meat to sacrifice victims. The Saudi authorities have worked hard to find other ways to preserve, distribute and process the large amounts of meat resulting from the sacrifice of livestock.
In the United States, Muslims consume halal meat-that is, meat prepared by following the rules-but they are not allowed to sacrifice themselves. The Food Law requires the purchase of meat from qualified butchers that comply with standard federal and halal regulations. However, some Muslims may send money to relatives and friends in other countries to help them sacrifice themselves.
Ken Chitwood, Ph.D. Candidate, American Religion, Global Islam, University of Florida
This article is reproduced from The Conversation under the Creative Commons license. Read the original article.